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Is CNG the future?

Rinaldo Rinolfi, who is one of the fathers of the common-rail diesel, and a true powertrain guru, is someone I trust wholeheartedly when it comes to providing feedback on the future of vehicle propulsion. I recently asked the former Fiat engineer which powertrain he believes is the greenest, most affordable option available today. His rather surprising response was: compressed natural gas."CNG slashes CO2 emissions by 20 percent to 25 percent compared with a gasoline engine," said Rinolfi, who is now a powertrain consultant whose focus is CNG and liquid natural gas applications.Rinolfi reckons that engineers have maximized the savings possible from engine downsizing, turbocharging, variable valve control and direct injection. He doesn’t see any new inventions coming that will squeeze significantly more kilometers out of a liter of diesel or gasoline.He said the CNG infrastructure is growing in Europe and that modern vehicles using the technology also have a small reserve tank for gasoline that eliminates any range anxiety.To test what Rinolfi said I borrowed an Audi A3 Sportback g-tron, which is powered by CNG and gasoline, and drove it from Turin to Udine and back, a 1,080km roundtrip that crisscrossed most of northern Italy.The A3 g-tron's two CNG tanks store about 7kg each, enough for 400km, according to Audi and based on the European homologation cycle. During the test the CNG tanks provided just over 300km, which is a quarter less than promised, but is in line with the current difference between European homologation results and real-world driving.Audi's data shows that the car should emit 88 grams of CO2 per kilometer in CNG mode compared with 115g/km when running on gasoline, a 23 percent reduction. During my test it cost about 15 euros to cover 300km using CNG compared with 27 euros to drive the same distance using gasoline, a 44 percent reduction. In addition, the engine performed virtually the same whether I was driving with CNG or gasoline. Rinolfi's views on the performance of the technology were verified.Tanking troubleBefore beginning my journey, I did some research and found that there were more than 1,000 CNG stations in Italy, including one that was just 5km from my house. I figured that finding CNG stations during the trip wouldn't be a problem. Putting me further at ease was that the A3 was equipped with a feature that would warn me when I was running low on CNG and provide navigation to the closest CNG station.Although I started my trip with virtually no range anxiety I soon learned that just 37 of Italy's 1,000 CNG station were along highways. Making matters worse was that none of those stations was located along my 500km east-to-west route. As my CNG ran low at about the midpoint of my drive to Udine, I had three options.1. Drive about 40km more to find the next CNG station on the highway.2. Get off the highway and start searching for a CNG point, most of which are hidden in smalls town where road signs are optional. Only a navigation system that was given the exact longitude and latitude coordinates could find most of these places without getting lost!3. Keep driving using the fuel from the gasoline tank.I picked the time-saving option No. 3 for both legs of the journey, completing the final 240km of each trip using gasoline.What I learned was that the A3 g-tron's gasoline tank did take away CNG range anxiety. (Audi says you can drive up to 900km on the gasoline tank, but 600km is more realistic.)At the same time, this experience was a reminder that no matter which technology you chose – CNG, LPG, electric cars or fuel cells – you are in big trouble if the fueling infrastructure is inadequate.
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Will govt’s all-electric car fleet plan make inroads in India..?

The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 launched in 2013 aims to achieve 6-7 million sales of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from 2020 onwards. Further, the Minister for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy, Piyush Goyal has ambitiously set an environment-friendly goal of moving the road transport sector on electricity by 2030. The government has been providing fiscal and monetary incentives to leapfrog hybrid technology to ensure complete adoption of the electric vehicle by 2030.India plans to reduce its crude oil import dependency to 67 per cent by 2022, but recent import trends suggest otherwise. India’s oil import volumes increased by 5 per cent from 202.8 million metric tonnes (mmt) in 2015-16 to 213.9 mmt in 2016-17, while domestic crude oil production declined by 3 per cent; from 33.1 mmt in 2015-16 to 32 mmt in 2016-17. India’s average crude oil import during April 2012-March 2017 stood at $106.8 billion resulting in an average net petroleum import of $73.8 billion. Despite softening of global crude oil prices, India’s crude import remains a major concern.The domestic transport sector being one of the biggest consumers of petroleum products not only contributes significantly to petroleum trade deficits, but also rising greenhouse gas emissions. To address the above concerns, electric mobility (e-mobility) emerges as one of the best alternatives.Adoption of electric vehicle technology could disrupt existing business processes, and a value chain of the automobile and petroleum sector. At this juncture, analysts are divided over the impact of disruption on the automobile industry. Some commentators argue that electric vehicles (EV) could lead to a decline of the automobile industry, while McKinsey suggests they could open up additional areas of revenue generation.In India, 100 per cent adoption of EVs is bound to adversely impact the existing crude oil and petroleum products trading and refining, automobile manufacturing and distribution. Certainly, battery manufacturing and distribution, renewable energy generation, and e-charging infrastructure would be boosted.Owing to an anticipated loss in sales of petroleum products, especially petrol and diesel in the domestic market, survival of the 230 mmt Indian petroleum refining industry becomes a subject of debate. Even future refining projects including a mega refinery on the west-coast may face serious questions. In addition, crude oil and petroleum product pipelines may lose their relevance. What will happen to these assets? Can the refineries realign and reorient to survive?Will auto component industries linked to internal combustion engines survive the onslaught of EV technology? Are the automobile and allied industries ready for massive job losses?States are likely to lose a huge amount of revenue levied on petrol and diesel. Implementation of e-mobility may dent the tax kitty of both the Central and the State Governments. Will the Government leave easy tax?Striving hard to build a strong ecosystem for hybrid and electric vehicles, the government in 2015 launched Faster Adoption of Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) which includes Mild Hybrid, Strong Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid and Pure Electric technologies (collectively termed xEV). FAME received higher budgetary support (Rs 175 crore) for FY-18 versus Rs 123 crore in FY-17.Under a demand incentive scheme, FAME provided direct support to over 99,000 hybrid/electric vehicles, and financial assistance of over Rs 155 crore to facilitate technology development, faster adoption, and development of charging infrastructure.The government has set a low goods and services tax (GST) rate (12 per cent) for electric vehicles to boost sales. However, 43 per cent GST on hybrid cars leaves manufacturers and consumers gasping for breath. It seems the strategy is to leapfrog hybrid technology and directly promote electric vehicles, for which the market seems unprepared. Therefore, for greater adoption of hybrid cars, it is prudent for the GST Council to lower the rate.Source: http://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/column-will-govt-s-all-electric-car-fleet-plan-make-inroads-in-indi...
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The Benefits of CNG Vehicle ..

Natural gas proposes advantages many advantages over controversial petroleum product compressed  Natural gas is the economic and accessible choice for fleet Vehicles  Carriage buses, School  buses , waste disposal trucks, delivery vehicles and son on with CNG,, you’ll save money on fuel, meagre emission levels and aggrandize the life of your Vehicle .
  1. Advance and well-established  framework.
 A well-established pipeline  infrastructure exists  in india to deliver natural gas to almost every urban and some rural areas .
2. Tamely produced and surfeit fuel :-Natural gas created every time by two mechanisms - biogenic and thermogenic biogenic gas is created by methanogenic organisms in marshes bogs , landfills and shallow sediments only in Delhi there are approx 50 CNG plants Apparently we can say that we have surfeited fuel  for further 209 to 30 years use.
Safety advantages :-Compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel storage tanks are stronger and safer  than fgas online or diesel tanks reducing the released CNG smithereens quickly into the air instead of on the ground Measuring the jeopardy  of fire and ground contamination It secrets bit to no emission during  refueling .
3. Meagre fuel Cost :-CNG demonstrates almost  a 50% saving over petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel  In a very competitive economy there is no better time to look for alternative ways to fuel  over vehicles.
4. Milieu friendly :-CNG is the purest burning transportation fuel on the market today. CNG exhausts cleaners than petroleum based products because of its lower carbon  content. It release the fewest remission of all other fuels and contains ultimately less pollutants than gasoline. It produces 20-30% fewer green green house gas emissions and 95% fewer pipe  emissions than petroleum products.Reduced perpetuation Cost :-CNF does not contains  lead, So spark plug life is extended because  there is no smelling pipes and mufflers last longer because CNG does not react to the metals It does not dilute or contaminate crankcase oil , so intervals between oil changes tune-ups are extended.
Vehicle tracking and sensor monitoring  The exclusive vehicle tracking tool for your fleet.
How it works:-Vehicle tracking is a dextrous restitution for companies urging of obscene there  fleets roads transportation company over-right courier services logistics and distributions companies . It help you to  monitors your fleet in an effective way resulting  in a vague upsurge in productivity, margins and services quality .A small unit containing a GPS receiver and GPRS communication module  is installed  in each of the fleet vehicle this unit allows you  to monitor the  agitation of all vehicles where they are were when they were the began the journey were they broke up the itinerary   and for how long or so on.
With this alternate tracking system you can keep under surveillance your all vehicle 24 hours a day with position and day sensor data pulled down in real time.Buy the same token   it has numbers add on that indulge a fill sat of torsion and proclamation workforce progement  driving behaviour  cast management fuel control and automatic driver recognition  among many offer .All you need to access this over-righting  system of tracking  vehicle is  an internet connection  and web browser access your fleet reduction in the were pace at home a anywhere else .

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